Difficulty recalling previously learned material upon demand, with short and long term memory problems.

Symptoms Strategies
Lags in memory of hearing you; seems unaware of what is happening; asks you to repeat.

Will have difficulty recalling the sequence of the directions.

  • Have student repeat oral directions in sequence or tell you in his/her own words what is to be done.
  • Maintain eye contact while giving directions.
  • Write assignments as well as speak them.
  • Explain in clear, concise language.
  • Write key words on chalkboard or overhead projector when giving a series of directions.
Doesn’t remember homework assignments given orally; has difficulty getting all assignments recorded accurately.
  • Assign buddy to help record assignments.
  • Record assignments in the same place at the beginning of class.
  • Have an assignment book and help student organize it; check it daily.
  • Teach student to carry a notepad to write down important messages. (Use post it notes)
Has difficulty understanding vocabulary or recalling new vocabulary.
  •  Explain in simple, concrete words.
  • Use graphics, role playing to reinforce meaning.
  • Begin to stress comparison of words; i.e., how words are alike in meaning or how they compare to words of a similar meaning.
Has trouble memorizing common sequences such as the alphabet or months of the year.

Will have trouble recalling phone numbers or zip codes.

  • Use mnemonics, rhyming, and patterns.
  • Include body movement multisensory activity. Use visual charts.
Exhibits mild speech irregularities, forgets correct pronunciation of certain words.

Because he/she can’t remember the sequence of sounds, he/she will transpose syllables (may also involve motor planning).

  •  Give student extra time to respond to oral questions. It takes him/her longer to process and organize an answer. Be patient.
  • Provide a model of clear, distinct speech.